Best diabetic diet for dogs

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Diabetes in Dogs: Symptoms, Treatments and Dietary Management

Diabetes mellitus, sometimes called sugar diabetes, is a common disease in dogs. Golden Retrievers, German Shepherd Dogs, Miniature Schnauzers, Keeshonden, and Poodles have the highest incidence, but all breeds can be affected. Females with the disease outnumber males by three to one. The average age of onset is 6 to 9 years.

Diabetes is a result of inadequate production of insulin by the islet cells in the pancreas. There may be a genetic predisposition for this in some dogs. Islet cell destruction also occurs in some cases of pancreatitis. Insulin enables glucose to pass into cells, where it is metabolized to produce energy for metabolism. Insulin deficiency results in hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and glycosuria (high urine sugar). Glucose in the urine causes the diabetic animal to excrete large volumes of urine. In turn, this creates dehydration and the urge to drink large amounts of water.

Initially, dogs who do not metabolize enough sugar have an increase in appetite and a desire to consume more food. Later, with the effects of malnourishment, the appetite drops.

In summary, the signs of early diabetes are frequent urination, drinking lots of water, a large appetite, and unexplained loss of weight. The laboratory findings are high glucose levels in the blood and urine.

In more advanced cases there is lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, dehydration, weakness, and coma. Cataracts are common in diabetic dogs. Ultimately, diabetes is a disease that affects all organs. Diabetic dogs will have enlarged livers, be susceptible to infections, and often develop neurological problems if not treated.

Diabetic ketoacidosis isa condition associated with severe hyperglycemia in which ketones (acids) build up in the blood. Ketones are byproducts of the metabolism of fat. In diabetic ketoacidosis, fats are metabolized for energy because sugar is unavailable. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be recognized by weakness, vomiting, rapid breathing, and the odor of acetone on the breath (it smells like nail polish remover). Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening emergency. If you suspect diabetic ketoacidosis, take your dog at once to the veterinarian.

Treating Diabetes

Dietary control and daily injections of insulin can regulate most diabetic dogs, allowing them to lead active, healthy lives. Oral hypoglycemic agents used for treating diabetes in people have not been effective in dogs, but research is continuing in this area.

Insulin requirements cannot be predicted solely on the basis of the dog’s weight, because the degree of pancreatic failure is different in every dog. The daily insulin dose must be established for each individual. In the newly diagnosed diabetic, insulin therapy is started at home. After a week of treatment, the dog is brought back to the clinic and a blood glucose curve (a series of blood sugar tests drawn over 12 to 24 hours) is obtained to see when the blood glucose peaks and hits its lows. Refinements are then made in the dosage and timing of the injections. How to prepare and inject the insulin will be explained to you by your veterinarian. You may be asked to monitor urine glucose levels by collecting urine samples and using a test strip (a small piece of paper that indicates the glucose levels in urine).

2009-01-08 18:36:22 by Blubbery_runner

Google "diabetic diet"

Diabetes has been around a long time. The recommended diet has not changed. Low glycemic index foods, with a very carefully controlled limited amount of daily calories.
The funny thing about such a question is this - in the past, you could almost tell a diabetic because they were skinny. Since they could not eat high sugar contest stuff, had to really restrain themselves with breads and fruits, and no candy or soda pop allowed, it was actually difficult for them to get in enough calories per day.
I still get surprised when I meet an overweight person who says they're diabetic - it's just not the image that comes to mind!
But yes, I know, there's Type I (the old fashioned kind) and Type II, the kind that's getting more prevalent and seems related to being overweight.

2008-10-13 12:52:03 by eat2live

Sugar Dissected

Tony is partially right when he says that 'sugar is our real enemy.'
Simple sugar or sucrose is made up of one molecule of glucose and another of fructose. The only sugar molecule that is allowed to pass into your bloodstream is glucose and our brains run exclusively on glucose. It's impossible to take sugar out of your diet because it comes in many forms.
Carbohydrates are chains of sugar. Starch consists of tens of thousands of sugar molecules. Flour consists of hundreds of thousands of molecules and fibre consists of millions of sugar molecules that are bound so tightly that they are difficult to break down and digest

Why you should eat fruit -- not drink it -- to lower diabetes risk  —
Consuming whole fruits at least three times a week may lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new long-term study published Thursday in the British Medical Journal.

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  • Avatar Annie My dog just got diagnosed with diabetes 3 days ago and he seems so tired all the time is that normal?
    Jan 09, 2013 by Annie | Posted in Dogs

    My 8 year old Toy Poodle was diagnosed 3 days ago with diabetes. He now gets 2 shots of insulin (3 units) a day and has been switched to a diabetic diet since then. He sleeps non stop! More than normal. He IS drinking enough. Is this normal?

    • This question is best answered by your vet. His system has had a lot of changes in the past 3 days with medication and a new diet. Your vet has all the information on his condition, past history and bloodwork and urinary results. He can best advise if this is the normal response he should be having. Any questions, and I am sure you have many, should be answered to your satisfaction. Diabetes is treatable and can be tricky to learn how to manage so be sure to have all the information you need.