Diabetic Diet Food Exchange List

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Your diabetes eating plan can help you control your blood sugar level. Use diabetes exchange lists to make sure you're getting a proper mix of calories, carbohydrates and other nutrients. A healthy diabetes eating plan is naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat and calories. Following your eating plan can help you keep your blood sugar level within your target range — and it doesn't need to be a struggle. Start by meeting with a registered dietitian to learn about portion sizes and amounts appropriate for you.

Diabetes exchange system

In the exchange system, foods are divided into three main groups based on the three major nutrients — carbohydrates, proteins and fat. Subgroups — starches, fruits, milk, meat, sweets, fats and free foods — fall within one of those three categories. Within each group, you'll see how much you can eat of various foods for the same amount of calories, carbohydrates and other nutrients. You can exchange or trade foods within a group because they're similar in nutrient content and the manner in which they affect your blood sugar.

Your dietitian may recommend a certain number of daily exchanges from each food group based on your individual needs. Together you'll decide the best way to spread the exchanges throughout the day. This can help to keep your blood sugar level within your target range.

This exchange system is an easy way to begin counting carbohydrates. Each serving in the starch, fruit and milk group contains about the same amount of carbohydrates — about 15 grams a serving — also called one carbohydrate choice.

Use the following exchange lists — adapted from material provided by the American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association — to help you choose appropriate portion sizes and ensure variety in your meal plan.


  1. Daly A, et al. Choose Your Foods: Exchange Lists for Diabetes. Alexandria, Va.: American Diabetes Association and American Dietetic Association; 2008.
  2. Weigel SE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2012.

2007-12-30 10:02:17 by anyideas_helpful

Starting new - diabetes

So I have accomplished my goal of being completely off all soda pop by new year's, YEAH!! I know I am allergic to aspartame, it flares up my fibromyalgia symptoms but having drank diet soda since high school it has been really hard to break the habit.
Now for new goals, I signed up for eDiets Diabetes plan. Yesterday, I went grocery shopping (never do on a Saturday!!) and then came home and completely cleaned out the fridge washed from top to bottom. I know should have done that first, oh well, all the healthy groceries gave me motivation to clean. Now my fridge looks so pretty I wanted to take a picture LOL but my camera is broken atm

2013-02-04 04:12:27 by spunkyrose1938

Good diet for weight loss.

The reason you are hungry all the time is because the severe diet you have created for yourself.
When I am in weight losing mode,which is pretty much all the time. I am never hungry. I am pretty active but 74 years old, so I gear my diet to that. I am also diabetic but very healthy
otherwise. For breakfast I have a combination of nuts and dried fruit. I use pecans,
walnuts, almonds, which I toast, prunes, apricots which I cut up, and dried cranberries. I have
1/2 cup of this mixture. The nuts are high in protein, the fruit provides a little seetness, vitamins and minerals

Why you should eat fruit -- not drink it -- to lower diabetes risk  — Today.com
Consuming whole fruits at least three times a week may lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new long-term study published Thursday in the British Medical Journal.

Choose Your Foods: Exchange Lists for Diabetes
Book (Amer Dietetic Assn)
American Diabetes Association The Official Pocket Guide to Diabetic Exchanges
Book (American Diabetes Association)
McGraw-Hill The Type 2 Diabetes Cookbook : Simple & Delicious Low-Sugar, Low-Fat, & Low-Cholesterol Recipes
Book (McGraw-Hill)

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